[ View the story "Kashmir's struggle for juvenile justice" on Storify] Kashmir's struggle for juvenile justice Does securing Indian-administered Kashmir come at the expense of young detainees' civil rights?
The Stream· Wed, Oct 16 2013 11:07:03
Kashmir, a piece of disputed land between India and Pakistan, has been a source of major tension between the two states for more than 60 years. While the conflict has been through different
, the controversial
Public Safety Act (PSA)
in Indian-administered Kashmir continues to be a major concern. Human rights activists and Kashmiris claim the law, which was initially introduced in 1978 in response to timber smuggling, is being used for
Kashmir is divided into Indian-administered Kashmir (known as Jammu and Kashmir) and Pakistan-administered Kashmir (known as Azad Jammu and Kashmir) as shown in the image below. The PSA affects those living in Indian-administered Kashmir.
The law has been used in recent years to crack down on political activists and on youth suspected of stone-pelting during protests. A detailed report by
notes that those arrested are often held without charge or trial on vague allegations such as "acting against the security of the State" or "against the maintenance of public order".
Many online deemed the PSA a repressive law:
@ajstream PSA leaves you without trial for 2 years. A repressive act which has been used as a measure of intimidation. #ajstreamFouad Farooq
@AJStream Hundreds of innocent youth booked for no reason.Even the juveniles are not spared.Khurshid Farooq
@AJStream the PSA in Jammu&Kashmir is unconscionable & a gross violation of civilised norms of HRs & civil liberties, justice & rule of lawalhaji chodi
@AJStream People of the J&K have suffered under yet another draconian law known as Public Safety Act (PSA).Morif Beigh
Actually PSA is a tool of occupation imposed by India in Kashmir. It guarantees silence of every rising voice against tyranny. @ajstreamDar Wasim
@AJStream It has rendered families helpless and many people don't have money to beat the perverted justice put in place by #Indian judiciaryasif kashmiri
After growing pressure from activists, the PSA was amended in 2012 to ensure that individuals under the age of 18 are not detained. However, human rights groups say that minors
to be arrested. Here, Amnesty International talks to Faizan Raliq Hakeen, who was detained under the PSA when he was 14 years old:
Faizan speaks against police abuse in Jammu and Kashmiramnestyindiavideos
Kashmir continues to be a hotly contested territory, but there have been signs of change in recent years. In 2003, India and Pakistan took a
step and agreed to a ceasefire across the Line of Control (LoC) that divides Indian and Pakistan-administered territories.
Below is an infographic by Al Jazeera English breaking down the tension in Kashmir:
The Stream community discussed the concerns facing Kashmiris in Indian-administered Kashmir:
@AJStream high youth unemployment pitched by heavy handed tactics of paramilitary forces stifling protests with pple traumatised by war&fearalhaji chodi
@AJStream kashmir is a police state. Here people are even killed for demanding their civic rights let aside accession from india #PSASyed Aabid Shafi
@ajstream the security here is such, that we get killed by the so called indian security forcesUzair