[ View the story "Vietnam, 40 years on: The legacy of Agent Orange" on Storify] Vietnam, 40 years on: The legacy of Agent Orange Decades after the end of the war, a health care crisis persists.
The Stream· Thu, Apr 30 2015 16:53:47
While the Vietnam War has become a distant memory for most, the devastating effects remain a reality for the millions of US veterans and Vietnamese exposed to the chemical spray
, also known as dioxin. The chemical was used during Operation "
" to expose the enemy by clearing trees, plants and crops. The US military
approximately 12 million gallons of the chemical agent across South Vietnam from 1962 to 1971.
Make Agent Orange Historymakeaohistory
An estimated 4.8 million Vietnamese were
and three million affected by Agent Orange. Once in the body, dioxin is retained in human fatty tissue where it can "
cellular and chemical balance" involved in the reproductive process and be passed on to subsequent generations.
@raisazaidi @AJStream The U.S. should pay reparations to Vietnam, especially to mothers of #agentorange babies who are still being born!NR
Agent Orange is thought to be responsible for a slew of maladies including cancer, Parkinson's disease and diabetes. Approximately
inherited mutated genes and continue to suffer from
severe birth defects
including missing limbs, and eyes, cleft pallets, muscle malformations, paralysis and developmental disabilities.
The Leaves Keep FallingVietnam Reporting Project
Both the US government and the companies who developed Agent Orange
its harmful effects for many years. Yet, according to a
, chemical manufactures such as
Agent Orange exposure could lead to "general organ toxicity" and "other systematic problems" as early as 1964.
@raisazaidi @Reuters @AJStream My cousin's adverse impact from Agent Orange includes Parkinson's @ age 64~Teacher/Musician/Irish Singer.Tish Ferguson
@raisazaidi @Reuters @AJStream ~~The Veteran's Administration is helping him.Tish Ferguson
The US Department of Veteran Affairs presumes
US veterans with "boots on the ground" were exposed to the herbicide during the war. An additional
may have been exposed while using contaminated aircraft from 1972 to 1982.
@raisazaidi the medical complications of agent orange has prevented affected persons from working and leading a normal life since the 70'sObeahman
In 1984, US veterans
reached a settlement
for $180 million with Dow and Monsanto. Yet, Dow still maintains there is no link between the illnesses suffered and Agent Orange. The 1991
Agent Orange Act
provided compensation and benefits to families of Agent Orange veterans, though many criticised the legislation for
veterans exposed after the war as well as
@AJStream U.S should always lead by example by accepting responsibility for "agent orange" and cleaning it off #Vietnam Soil.ALKALINE
In 2010, the Department of Veterans Affairs provided $16.2 billion in compensation to US veterans suffering from war-related illness, though the agency
to cite Agent Orange as a cause. New legislation,
The Victims of Agent Orange Relief Act of 2015
, is due to be introduced within the year. The bill would provide cleanup to "hot spots" affected by Agent Orange and assist the many victims and their families in Vietnam.